Dental microsurgery is basically dental surgery that utilizes a dental microscope and fiber optic lighting system. Dentists use a Dental Operating Microscope (DOM) to magnify the area, giving them a more precise view of the procedure. Because magnification spreads light out, making the area appear darker, many dental microscopes also include a fiber optic light to illuminate the area more thoroughly than traditional overhead light sources.
The identification of fine anatomical structures allows for greater precision in diagnosis during surgery.
While this method does require more time and expense and greater surgical skill, this is balanced by increased safety and predictability of treatment. This method diminishes surgical trauma, shortens the postoperative healing period, and produces better esthetic and functional results. Photographic and video documentation can also be carried out more easily and with more authentic results. Microscope gives an advantage of minimally invasive surgical techniques.